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Here's just a few of our recent publications, which include case studies and analysis. 

 Additional publications are also available via our online Research Library / Blog

Scientific Coalition for UAP Studies



April 25, 2019 - The Scientific Coalition for UAP Studies (SCU) has released a 270 page paper that examines extreme speed, acceleration, and power outputs demonstrated by UFOs encountered by the USS Princeton, USS Nimitz, and F/A-18 Super-Hornets during a Navy military exercise on November 14, 2004 off the southwest coast of California.

One of the paper’s authors, Peter Reali, a Berkley educated electrical engineer, explains the importance of  their findings. “We have determined that the objects reported by Navy officers demonstrate accelerations beyond what a pilot or any winged aircraft could survive. The characteristics of these objects cannot be explained by any type of drone or other craft. Their origin is unknown.”

Another author of the paper, Robert Powell, a former engineering manager in the manufacture of nanotechnologies, points out the importance of obtaining all of the available information from the Navy for analysis. “While we are confident in the high accelerations that we have calculated based on high quality military testimonies, much more could be achieved if we could be given access to the original Navy radar files as well as any other EM signals they may have detected.”

One of the members of the SCU Board of Directors and author of The National Intelligence Problem of UFOs, summed up the overall problem in terms of not only UFOs but also threats from other nations when he stated, “For the sake of efficiency, the military services have largely focused their intelligence collections and studies on observations which might constitute known threats. It is encouraging to see the Navy recently acknowledge a need to address truly anomalous incidents such as those reported in the vicinity of Navy Strike Groups. There may be a great deal to be learned from anomalous air and sea incidents, especially those in which solid technical data indicates something outside the range of what is conventional, known and already cataloged, including previously unknown weapons platforms. In addition to anomalous events there is the possibility of another nation developing a breakthrough technology.”

Summary of the Paper - On November 14 th of 2004, the U.S. Navy’s Carrier Strike Group Eleven (CSG 11), including the USS Nimitz nuclear aircraft carrier and the USS Princeton missile cruiser, were conducting a training exercise off the coast of southern California when the Navy’s radar systems detected as many as 20 anomalous aerial vehicles (AAV). These AAVs were deemed a safety hazard to an upcoming air exercise and the Captain of the USS Princeton ordered an interception with two F/A-18F  Navy jets. This paper examines the publicly available subset of these data: Eyewitness information from the pilots and radar operators; Freedom of Information Act releases of four navy documents; and a Defense Intelligence Agency released video taken by an F/A-18F jet using an AN/ASQ-228 Advanced Targeting Forward Looking Infrared (ATFLIR). Analytical calculations based on radar notes, testimony from the pilots, and the ATFLIR video are used to derive the velocity, acceleration and estimated power demonstrated by the AAV maneuvers. Calculated AAV accelerations ranged from 40 g-forces to hundreds of g-forces and estimated power based on a weight of one ton ranged from one to nine gigawatts. None of the navy witnesses reported having ever previously seen military or civilian vehicles with these maneuvering abilities. Manned aircraft such as the F-35 has maintained structural integrity up to 13.5 g-forces. Our results suggest that given the available information the AAV’s capabilities are beyond any known technology. The public release of all navy records associated with this incident to enable a full, scientific and open investigation is strongly recommended.

Scientific Coalition for UAP Studies



On April 25, 2013, at about 9:20 pm local time, an unknown object at low altitude flew directly across the Rafael Hernandez airport runway at Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, causing a delayed departure of a commercial aircraft. There was no squawking transponder signal to alert the aircraft tower, nor was there any communication with the tower to prevent a dangerous situation with departing and arriving aircraft.  Fortunately an airborne U.S.Customs and Border Protection aircraft captured the object on infrared video. This report is an analytical evaluation of that video as well as witness statements and radar data of the area.

An original copy of a thermal video was obtained from an official source on October 20th of 2013. The source of this video evidence was vetted and identified.  The source wishes to remain completely anonymous to ensure no issues arise with the source's employers.  The individual's occupation, address, and background history were verified by the authors of this report as legitimate.  Extensive efforts were made to ensure that this video did not contain any classified information and none was found.  The three minute video detailed the flight of an unknown object that crossed into northwestern Puerto Rico from the Atlantic Ocean, traversed the Rafael Hernandez airport airspace two times, and returned into the Atlantic Ocean where it appeared to repetitively submerge.  The thermal video imaging system is a standard reconnaissance video system typically used in military, law enforcement and civilian applications.

The thermal video was taken from a De Havilland Canada (DHC)-8 DHC-8 Turboprop aircraft that was controlled by the U.S.Customs and Border Protection (CBP). The authenticity of the video used in this report was corroborated using radar data obtained from the U.S. Air Force (USAF) 84th RADar Evaluation Squadron (RADES) group.  The radar data displayed the tracking aircraft that took the thermal video. All times and locations of the tracking aircraft were consistent with the thermal imaging video on screen data and the USAF 84th RADES group radar information. Details area available on pages 10-12 of this report.

An in-person interview with the source indicated that the pilots of the DHC-8 Turboprop took off on a routine mission and as they veered to the northwest saw a pinkish to reddish light over the ocean that was in their vicinity and approaching toward the south.  Concerned that the control tower had not alerted them to incoming traffic they contacted the tower.  The tower confirmed that they had a visual sighting of the light but did not know its identity. According to the source, once the object came close to shore, the light on the object went out.  At about that same time the thermal imaging system was engaged to follow the object.

Scientific Coalition for UAP Studies




Several Unidentified Aerial Phenomena (UAP) encountered by military, commercial, and civilian aircraft have been reported to be structured craft that exhibit ‘impossible’ flight characteristics.  We consider a handful of well-documented encounters, including the 2004 encounters with the Nimitz Carrier Group off the coast of California, and estimate lower bounds on the accelerations exhibited by the craft during the observed maneuvers. Estimated accelerations range from almost 100 g to 1000s of gs with no observed air disturbance, no sonic booms, and no evidence of excessive heat commensurate with even the minimal estimated energies.  In accordance with observations, the estimated parameters describing the behavior of these craft are both anomalous and surprising.  The extreme estimated flight characteristics reveal that these observations are either fabricated or seriously in error, or that these craft exhibit technology far more advanced than any known craft on Earth.  In many cases, the number and quality of witnesses, the variety of roles they played in the encounters, and the equipment used to track and record the craft favor the latter hypothesis that these are indeed technologically advanced craft.  The observed flight characteristics of these craft are consistent with the flight characteristics required for interstellar travel, i.e., if these observed accelerations were sustainable in space, then these craft could easily reach relativistic speeds within a matter of minutes to hours and cover interstellar distances in a matter of days to weeks, proper time.

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