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Announcement: SCU Papers Presented at AIAA 2023 Aviation Forum now Available to the Public

Updated: Aug 12, 2023


August 11, 2023 – The Scientific Coalition for UAP Studies (SCU) released the following announcement:

The SCU is pleased to announce the three papers from SCU scientists presented at the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) 2023 Aviation Forum are now online and available for the public to read.

Peter Reali, SCU Board Member: “The SCU is honored to publicly release the research papers presented at the AIAA 2023 Aviation Conference. The SCU is dedicated to an impartial scientifically-based investigation of UAP. We are pleased by AIAA’s recognition of our work and hope this will help move scientific efforts forward.”

Robert Powell, SCU Executive Board Member: “The SCU has multiple projects directed at obtaining a better understanding of UAP. We are pleased to add these papers to the scientific understanding of this phenomenon.”

The papers presented at the AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, and now available to the public, are as follows:

FAA Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Sighting Reports: A Preliminary Survey, by Ralph O. Howard, Jr.: A preliminary analysis of US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) sighting reports was performed by inspection and review of a subset of the 11,229 reports issued by the FAA between 2014 and March 2021. The purpose of this study was to enhance basic knowledge concerning the nature and presence of drones in U.S. airspace, explore the possibility that UAP are recorded in the FAA data, and contribute towards enhanced aircraft safety. This study finds that unexpectedly large numbers of drones are being encountered by pilots at surprisingly high altitudes across the US, well above the official FAA drone altitude limit of 122m (400 ft). In addition, unusual UAS descriptions such as “oval object,” “elliptical, silver-colored,” and “bubble-shaped” suggest the possibility that some are UAP rather than drones. The data compiled here on UAS numbers, altitudes and characteristics indicate both a potential risk to aviation safety, and that UAP may be present among these reports.

Aerodynamic Interactions and Turbulence Mitigation by Unidentified Aerospace-undersea Phenomena, by Dr. Timothy K. Oliver: In this study, we explore the hypothesis that the apparent absence of interaction on the surrounding physical media of fast-moving Unidentified Aerospace-undersea Phenomena (UAP) may be explained by the use of a functionalized force field. Application of such a force field, emanating and centered on a moving object, provides the object the ability to move through water without significant pressure changes and cavitation, and through the air without shock waves, sonic booms, or aerodynamic heating. Although the application and source of such a field are purely speculative, our research using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has shown that the operation of such a force field can significantly mitigate these fluid dynamic features. This knowledge could help develop technologies aiding in UAP recognition and avoidance for aviators encountering these safety hazards.

System Study of Constraints for the Creation of UAP Electromagnetic Signature Optimal Detection Systems, by Peter A. Reali: This paper examines optimal UAP detection network strategies that deploy either video or still cameras over a large geographic area where UAP events randomly occur. Such a system may help improve air traffic safety related to UAP encounters. The systems model determines the number of stations required to achieve at least one detection within a derived period of time as a function of the eight assumed parameters of the model. This presents a guideline for design specifications, cost objectives, and maintenance considerations for a large network of stations, and can be extended to include radar or infrared sensors. The calculations assume a probabilistic sampling model with replacement based on the binomial distribution. The study points out the difficulty of getting good optical data and why historically, this has been so difficult.


SCU promotes and encourages the rigorous scientific examination of UAP, commonly known as Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs). SCU comprises scientists, engineers, members of the high-tech and defense industries, former military, and other professionals, utilizing scientific principles, methodologies, and practices to advance the study of UAP observed and reported around the globe.

The Scientific Coalition for UAP Studies is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization. Contributions to SCU are tax-deductible.


SCU AIAA Papers Available to the Public
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